A NSW Government website

Renewable Fuel Scheme

The Renewable Fuel Scheme (RFS) was established under the Energy Security Safeguard and the NSW Hydrogen Strategy to encourage the production of green hydrogen in NSW.   

Our aim is to support industry to grow new supply chains to improve the affordability, reliability and sustainability of green hydrogen in NSW. This will also help our industries remain competitive as international markets decarbonise and become global leaders in green hydrogen production. 

Green hydrogen is hydrogen produced using renewable energy that does not produce emissions. In contrast, most hydrogen today is produced from natural gas.   

Investing in the production of green hydrogen will help NSW shift to net zero emissions by 2050. It will also help us:

a blue hand holding a coin

drive economic growth and create new jobs

blue pictogram of wind blowing

improve air quality

shield with a tick in the middle

improve our energy security

As currently designed, the RFS sets a target for green hydrogen production. The annual target gradually increases to 8 million gigajoules (GJ) by 2030. 

Like the Energy Savings Scheme (ESS) and Peak Demand Reduction Scheme (PDRS), the RFS is a certificate scheme. 

Hydrogen producers can create certificates based on the amount of green hydrogen they produce and sell them to liable parties. Each certificate will represent 1 GJ of green hydrogen that is produced. 

Liable parties under the scheme are natural gas retailers and large users that do not purchase gas through a retailer. The liable parties will need to buy and surrender certificates to meet their obligations. 

The Renewable Fuel Scheme Rule consultation is now open

We are currently seeking feedback on the first rule for the RFS. It sets out the calculation methods and eligibility requirements to create certificates for green hydrogen production.  

Read our draft RFS Rule and consultation paper.

The final Renewable Fuel Scheme Rule is expected to be published in Q2 2024. A position paper detailing the final positions of the Renewable Fuel Scheme Rule will also be published in 2024. 

Liability will commence in 2025

Liability for the scheme will now commence in 2025. This means liable parties will not need to surrender certificates to meet 2024 targets. The 2025 target is 360,000 GJ, equating to 360,000 certificates. The target will be divided between liable parties based on their share of total liable gas use in NSW.

The 2025 penalty rate is $17.50 per certificate. Assuming a company tax rate of 30%, this equates to a tax-effective penalty rate of $25 per certificate.

The targets and the penalty rate are both published in Part 7A of the Electricity Supply (General) Regulation 2014.

Scheme expansion options

We are currently investigating options to expand the Renewable Fuel Scheme to include additional renewable fuels and liable parties. We intend to consult publicly on expansion options in mid-2024. 

Please email us if you would like more information at [email protected].  

Get involved 

We look forward to collaborating with industry through targeted research, stakeholder engagement and public consultation. We will provide regular updates about these activities on our website and via email. 

If you wish to receive email updates on the Renewable Fuel Scheme, please submit your details below.  



The information you provide in this form will only be used for the purpose for which it was collected. By submitting, you consent to storage, use, and disclosure of your personal information in accordance with our privacy statement.